Poland’s Foundation for Sustainable Energy (FNEZ) has, in cooperation with entities from the maritime industry, offshore energy, wind energy, steel industry and manufacturers of offshore constructions, ships, and cables, established a Memorandum of the Polish Offshore Energy Sector (PPPEM).
The PPPEM (Porozumienie Polskiego Przemysłu Energetyki Morskiej) has gathered 40 entities, including the Polish Offshore Wind Energy Society (PTME), that see the development of offshore energy investments, especially offshore wind energy, as an opportunity for creating an innovative, competitive and powerful Polish industry, according to FNEZ.
As part of the PPPEM, FNEZ has created and launched a programme called Baltic Energy for Poland 2025, aiming to advance Poland on its path to utilising its untapped offshore wind potential.
After FNEZ estimated in 2013 that the country could accommodate 6GW of offshore wind capacity, it now estimates this to be in the range of 8-10GW, following new spatial development plans for the Polish sector of the Baltic Sea that opened up more room for installing wind farms.
The projects that have so far come furthest in their development are the two offshore wind farms planned to be built by Polenergia: Bałtyk II and Bałtyk III, with the latter being in a more advanced stage.
The construction works on the 600MW Polenergia Baltic Sea III (Polenergia Bałtyk III) are due to commence in 2019 at the earliest, and is expected to start delivering electricity to the grid in 2021 or 2022.
The 600MW Polenergia Baltic Sea II is anticipated to be operational in 2026.
Both wind farms will feature 8MW-10MW wind turbines.